Pretty sure they’re not rewriting that week’s New Yorker. The Toronto Star newsroom in December 1930. Photo by Toronto History on Flickr.
Ian Parker’s magnificent profile of Jony Ive (and to a lesser extent Apple) in the New Yorker has received lots of attention – mainly from journalists at a multitude of news outlets who each spent a jolly hour or so filleting it for 23 Things You Maybe Didn’t Know But Might Be Persuaded To Read Because They’re In The Form Of A List Rather Than A 17,000-Word Article.
What’s been largely overlooked is the sheer amount of work done by Parker in putting this together. Clearly, Apple’s PR people played an important part: they set up at least three interviews with Ive (some time in late July/early August; the day after the iPhone release; some time later when they go to see the new campus being built). There’s also an interview with Tim Cook, whose time isn’t exactly limitless.
But once you’ve got past those, you realise that Parker has spoken to loads more people. Let’s list the people internal to Apple who Parker spoke to, even briefly, to quote:
• Marc Newsom
• Craig Federighi
• Jeff Williams
• Bart Andre
• Hartmut Esslinger
• Eugene Whang
• Julian Honig
• Jody Akana
• Dan Riccio
• Evans Hankey
• Alan Dye
That’s 11 people beside Ive and Cook, and that’s only inside Apple.
Now here’s a list of the people Parker spoke to outside the company:
• Laurene Powell Jobs
• Robert Brunner
• Jeremy Kuempel
• JJ Abrams
• Richard Sapper
• Richard Seymour
• Clive Grinyer
• Paola Antonelli
• Doug Satzger (who Parker contacted, but who wouldn’t comment – but Parker at least tried)
• Bob Mansfield
• Michael Ive (Ive’s father) [added after a reader familiar with the article pointed out this omission]
10 11 people, of varying difficulty on access. (He also has a brief conversation with Heather Ive, Ive’s wife, but it hardly counts as an interview. It’s not clear from the text whether he communicated with Paul Smith to verify something about the contents of notes, but you can bet that – this being the New Yorker – the point did get fact-checked.)
One score and three
In all, that’s
23 24 people with whom he had longer or shorter interviews. And there’s also a hell of a lot of reading and information mixed in there – worn very lightly (such as the point about how much profit Apple makes during a 25-second pause, or how quickly phones were coming off Chinese assembly lines as Tim Cook announced them). Deciding what parts of 23 24 interviews to use (once you’ve transcribed them, of course) and what to throw away, plus what part of the observations around them to use (Jony Ive’s manner), and then simply writing it and getting it straight, and through fact-checking, subbing, and editing, is a huge task. At that length, it’s a short novella.
Parker’s reward? I’m sure that a ton of people have read the article and learnt from it. Lots of people have done rapid rewrites of salient bits of it, but the only piece of journalism has been Parker’s, in the first place. Sure, Apple gave him access, and lots flowed from that.
Sure, Apple chose to set it up – and this is the first substantial piece about Apple I’ve ever seen in the New Yorker, which I’ve been reading for decades – but the company wouldn’t have been able to dictate the content or conclusions; notice Parker’s sardonic take on Cook’s comments about how the forthcoming Watch, which Cook was wearing, would be all about notifications: “I noticed that, at this moment in the history of personal technology, Cook still uses notifications in the form of a young woman appearing silently from nowhere to hold a sheet of paper in his line of sight.”
And the access that Parker managed to get to other people? Clearly, he was helped by the name of the New Yorker (and quite possibly some nudging from Apple to people like Powell Jobs and Bob Mansfield).
Views differ. So go and find some
But the contrast between Parker’s in-depth cover-the-bases profile, and the many pieces that get thrown off every day on news outlets, where the writer doesn’t bother to get an opposing, or a neutral, or indeed any outside view about a piece of information – bugs me often. When I worked at New Scientist, it was an ironclad rule (and I think, reading it, still is) that in any news piece you were writing, you had to get an outside opinion about whatever marvel had been unveiled, whether it was the birth of the universe or the discovery of a new species of beetle under a log in the Amazon. As a writer, this put one to the test, and the stress was only magnified at a daily paper when one had to be able to find people willing to do similar things to tight deadlines.
Yet those outside voices play an important part in news: they counterbalance, and stop the pell-mell rush towards what can otherwise be the recycling of press releases. It dismays me when, as often happens, a Big Company announces something which is both (a) years away from fruition (b) being spun furiously for its “innovative” potential, and then sees yards of approving writeups in which no news editor has thrown the copy back at the writer and said “No. Go back and find someone – preferably two people – with an opinion about it.”
Yes, I know, web deadlines, bla bla bla. I cleave to the view that if someone else has already written the story, your job as a journalist/writer is to move the story on – do something more, get a new perspective, find out something new, unearth the fact nobody else has brought to light.
This applies even more when everyone’s rushing to put something, dear god anything, online so Google News will anoint it as this minute’s top story. If you move the story on, then you become the one they look to. Quality will tell because monkeys (well, software) will eventually eat those jobs doing rewrite anyway. Look, a company that automatically writes sports and finance stories just sold for $80m. It’s coming for your listicles next.
Parker, obviously, demonstrates that quality becomes a virtuous circle. Do it well, and you get better access. But you have to do it well in the first place.
Neither Parker not this writer admit the existence of a recent, excellent source, a whole book on Ive written by Leander Kahney. So either Parker didn’t do his homework or he read Kahney’s book and wasn’t willing to say so.
I’ve read Kahney’s book and its contents bear no relation to Parker’s piece, other than that they’re about the same person. Parker’s article is clearly the result of original work – I’ve read many articles on Ive (and interviewed him multiple times) and none of the quotes has appeared before.
So you’re wrong. Kahney’s book is not an unacknowledged source.
According to http://atp.fm/episodes/105 there’s a lot of overlap between Parker’s article and Kahney’s book.
(…but I’ve not read it so can’t say whether this is true or not)
I have read both. The facts of Ive’s life are well known and easy to ascertain from all sorts of sources. The separate interviews though are what mark this profile out. If Parker read Kahney’s book, that’s just standard sourcing. Facts don’t have copyright and each one would have been checked for fresh by the New Yorker.
“The facts of Ive’s life are well known and easy to ascertain from all sorts of sources.”
Kahney did, I think he said, a year and a half of research. And a better, more complete job altogether. Why are you so dismissive of it?
I’m dismissive of your comment that Parker in effect ripped off Kahney’s book because I think you’re wrong. I’m not dismissing Kahney’s book. I don’t think they bear any relation other than that they’re about the same person. I don’t think Parker leans on Kahney’s book as a source – as in, I don’t think he silently quotes any of its opinions. Facts are facts, and have no copyright, so if Kahney’s says something which Parker could verify elsewhere (and Parker spoke – as I have enumerated – to a huge range of people) then it’s a reference which in its way is like wikipedia or any other source of facts-to-be-checked. There are other sources too about how the design studio works, but Parker clearly went there and spoke to people who told him firsthand *in the past few months*. Parker refers to Isaacson’s book clearly for some points so one might think he read that and refers to it because people would know it.
But thinking Parker somehow cribbed from Kahney’s book is just mistaken, to my eye. And bear in mind that I’ve been editing and writing pieces, long and short, for decades, so I know how to spot this sort of thing.
Maybe I should have been clearer from the start. It’s the ungraciousness of Parker’s not in any manner acknowledging a recent, ready, well received, full blown book on the very same topic that irks me. I have no idea or suspicion of Parker’s cribbing anything. Nor did I said that.
There’s no reason for Parker to acknowledge Kahney’s book. He’s writing an article for the New Yorker audience, not a technology geek audience. He doesn’t have to acknowledge anything preexisting; it’s a standalone, self-contained piece. Parker didn’t talk about “Haunted Empire”, nor “Design Crazy”, nor any of a dozen other Apple-related books that have appeared. That’s because none of them matter in the context of his article.
You’re also making a classic mistake – missing the forest for the twig on the ground. I’m making a point about a journalist interviewing living, breathing sources to knit together a single piece; you’re saying he should have diverted to talk about other books that have been written about Ive. I think you’re mistaken, and mistake the nature of journalistic effort.
As to “I have no idea or suspicion of Parker’s cribbing anything. Nor did I [say] that” – this seems to conflict with your original comment “Neither Parker not this writer admit the existence of a recent, excellent source”.